We have become accustomed to robots that facilitate life for a century: washing machines, vacuum cleaners … We have also acquired the habit in the company that the robots follow one another to facilitate our work but to increase in productivity. But these robots replace the employee and force him to constantly learn and renew himself in order to keep a job. Very often, employees have their throat tight when they see that robots could replace them and take their jobs. They are well aware that the company has every interest in using them and this invasion forces them to anticipate the evolution of their skills. But these robots also ask companies to look at the impact on their own business.
In its latest study, the International Federation of Robotics indicates that the number of robots in the global industry could rise to more than 3 million by 2020. This rise of the robotic could lead to major changes in the world of work.
No one regrets progress except when it is a source of destruction on the planet. When the first washing machines appeared, some had the same thrill as robots today and claimed they washed poorly. Today this robot which, once programmed, works by itself is no longer questioned and has freed women of the time from tedious and time-consuming tasks.
But whether we like it or not these robots needed personnel to be designed, manufactured even if today part of their manufacturing is devolved to robots … Each progress is matched by the evolution of work but requires skills different and consequently to the man to convert to adapt to his new position. A prospective study carried out by researchers at the University of Oxford shows that by 2020, more than 45% of employees in the United States will be replaced by machines.
Some trades that are in the process of disappearing:
today uses hundreds of warehouse robots. These machines take care of the preparation of orders. They move to sort the products and then bring them from point A (storage area) to point B (shipping area).
– Taxi / bus driver
Everything works for the so-called “autonomous” cars, that is to say those capable of driving without a driver. Men trust more and more robotization and certain corroborating sources evoke the fact that today there is an 89% probability that taxi or bus drivers will disappear. For now, Google is one of the few companies to use self-driving cars (along with Google Car, editor’s note), but this trend should accelerate in the years to come.
– Metro drivers
Driverless subways are multiplying and the profession of drivers is disappearing. Of course, they disappear, but at the end of the day, you need the last computer supervisors and agents ready to intervene in the event of an incident. It is therefore a change in professions.
– Security agent
Cameras have long replaced human eyes. Soon their presence could be completely replaced by that of a robot. But everyone knows the human presence is more dissuasive than a camera whose presence we forget because it is only a case difficult to perceive.
Nothing speaks louder than the automotive sector.
In France, the main user of industrial robots remains the automotive sector. Articulated and reprogrammable arms assemble tens of thousands of vehicles every day. Thus, arduous and tedious activities lead to numerous musculoskeletal disorders (the first cause of sick leave). The robotization of these activities makes it possible to solve this problem while making it possible to increase work rates.
Humanoid robots, the French innovation par excellence
The French company Aldebaran, passed under Japanese control, designed Nao: a small humanoid less than two feet tall and capable of verbally interacting with humans. Nao is not the only one robot
humanoid, since in 2009, its much bigger big brother Romeo was created, capable of helping the elderly and in 2014 it is the Pepper robot, capable of recognizing emotions.
Robots, our clones? For the best, hopefully!